JAMB 2021/2022 syllabus for biology , All Subjects- keypoint and recommended text books
- 1 jamb syllabus
- 2 Jamb use of English Language syllabus 2021/2022
- 3 Jamb physics syllabus 2021/2022
- 4 Jamb syllabus for chemistry 2021/2022
- 5 Jamb syllabus for Economics 2021/2022
- 6 Jamb syllabus for biology 2021/2022
- 7 Jamb Biology Syllabus key points and recommended text 2021/2022 Updated
- 8 A: VARIETY OF ORGANISMS
- 9 2. Evolution among the following:
- 10 3.a Structural/functional and behavioural adaptations of organisms.
- 11 1. Internal structure of a flowering plant
- 12 2. Nutrition
- 13 5. Excretion
- 14 6. Support and movement
- 15 7. Reproduction
- 16 8. Growth
- 17 9. Co-ordination and control
- 18 1. Factors affecting the distribution of Organisms
- 19 2. Symbiotic interactions of plants and animals
- 20 3. Natural Habitats
- 21 4. Local (Nigerian Biomes)
- 22 5. The Ecology of Populations:
- 23 6. SOIL
- 24 7. Humans and Environment
- 25 (I) Variation In Population
- 26 2. Heredity
- 27 1. Theories of evolution
- 28 2. Evidence of evolution
- 29 RECOMMENDED TEXTS
Jamb use of English Language syllabus 2021/2022
The use of English Language remains an important subject in all exams not only in jamb
Jamb physics syllabus 2021/2022
Physics can be defined as a natural science that studies matter and it’s motion and behavior. Well with out having the complete physics syllabus it’s impossible to tell where jamb might set it next question from. The jamb physics syllabus gives you a clear clue about the exams
Jamb syllabus for chemistry 2021/2022
Chemistry as a course deals with elements and compounds that are made up of Atom, molecules and ions.
There is no much talk here, We will like you to go through the recently updated jamb syllabus for chemistry below.
Jamb syllabus for Economics 2021/2022
Economics studies the production, distribution, consumption of goods. Will you like to go through our updated jamb syllabus for economics? If yes please access it through the link below.
jamb syllabus for economics click here
Jamb syllabus for biology 2021/2022
jamb syllabus for biology click here
Jamb biology syllabus 2021/2022, key points and recommended text books is usually provided by the examination board to guide you on which particular area to read and prepare ahead of your peers.
With out jamb syllabus for biology and subjects it becomes difficult to cover all topics that you where thought in school. No matter how intelligent you are please don’t play with jamb syllabus for biology & other subjects it helps.
Jamb Biology Syllabus key points and recommended text 2021/2022 Updated
Jamb biology syllabus 2021/2022 has been recently been released by the examination board, this syllabus covers a wide range of topics and key points that will definitely come out in this year jamb.
jamb biology 2021/2022 syllabus key points and recommended text books
This is the only place you can freely all kind of syllabus and key points this is not limited to biology 2021/2022 syllabus alone. jamb 2021/2022 biology syllabus
Latest biology syllabus for jamb 2020/2021
Like i have said before, we have really tried our best to update this biology syllabus 2021/2022 to serve our readers in all aspects. I implore you to read this article from A-Z to get the necessary details you are looking for. No matter how busy you are, always create out time for studies as this is your only survival strategy that is needed in this year jamb.
How to Get Jamb Syllabus for Biology and key points /recommended text books
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We will never ask you to pay any form of money all our content are provided strictly to aid you pass 2021/2022 jamb freely. Don’t be scared about asking us questions using the comment box.
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Biology Jamb Syllabus ,
A: VARIETY OF ORGANISMS
- Living organisms:
b. Cell structure and functions of cell Components
c. Level of organization
i. Cell e.g. euglena and paramecium,
ii. Tissue, e.g. epithelial tissues and hydra
iii. Organ, e.g. onion bulb
iv. Systems, e.g. reproductive, digestive and excretory
v. Organisms e.g. Chlamydomonas
2. Evolution among the following:
- Monera (prokaryotes), e.g. bacteria and
blue green algae.
b. Protista (protozoans and protophyta),
e.g. Amoeba, Euglena and Paramecium
c. Fungi, e.g. mushroom and Rhizopus.
d. Plantae (plants)
i. Thallophyta (e.g. Spirogyra)
ii. Bryophyta (mosses and liveworts) e.g.
Brachmenium and Merchantia.
iii. Pteridophyta (ferns) e.g. Dryopteris.
iv. Spermatophyta (Gymnospermae and Angiospermae)
– Gymnosperms e.g. Cycads and conifers.
– Angiosperms (monocots, e.g. maize; dicots, e.g. water leaf)
e. Animalia (animals)
– coelenterate (e.g. Hydra)
– Platyhelminthes (flatworms) e.g. Taenia
– Nematoda (roundworms)
– Annelida (e.g. earthworm)
– Arthropoda e.g. mosquito, cockroach, housefly, bee, butterfly
– Mollusca (e.g. snails)
ii. Multicellular animals (vertebrates)
– pisces (cartilaginous and bony fish)
– Amphibia (e.g. toads and frogs)
– Reptilia (e.g. lizards, snakes and turtles)
– Aves (birds)
– Mammalia (mammals)
3.a Structural/functional and behavioural adaptations of organisms.
- adaptive colouration and its functions
c. Behavioural adaptations in social animals
d. Structural adaptations in organisms.
|B: FORM AND FUNCTIONS|
1. Internal structure of a flowering plant
b. Internal structure of a mammal
- Modes of nutrition
b. Types of Nutrition
c. Plant nutrition
ii. Mineral requirements
(macro and micro-nutrients)
d. Animal nutrition
i. Classes of food substances; carbohydrates, proteins, fats and oils, vitamins, mineral salts and water
ii. Food tests (e.g. starch, reducing sugar, protein, oil, fat etc.
iii. The mammalian tooth (structures, types and functions
iv. Mammalian alimentary canal
v. Nutrition process (ingestion, digestion, absorption,
and assimilation of digested food.
- Need for transportation
b. Materials for transportation.
Excretory products, gases, manufactured food, digested food, nutrient, water and hormones)
c. Channels for transportation
i. Mammalian circulatory system (heart, arteries,
veins, and capillaries)
ii Plant vascular system (phloem and xylem)
d. Media and processes of mechanism for transportation.
4. Respiration in
- Respiratory organs and surfaces
b. The mechanism of gaseous exchange in:
c. Aerobic respiration
d. Anaerobic respiration
- Types of excretory structures:
contractile vacuole, flamecell,
nephridium, Malpighian tubule, kidney,
stoma and lenticel.
b. Excretory mechanisms:
c. Excretory products of plants
6. Support and movement
- Tropic, tactic, nastic and sleep
movements in plants
b. supporting tissues in animals
c. Types and functions of the skeleton
iii. Functions of the skeleton in animals
- A sexual reproduction
i. Fission as in Paramecium
ii. Budding as in yeast
iii. Natural vegetative propagation
iv. Artificial vegetative propagation.
b. sexual reproduction in flowering plants
i. Floral parts and their functions
ii. Pollination and fertilization
iii. products of sexual reproduction
c. Reproduction in mammals
i. structures and functions of the male and female reproductive organs
ii. Fertilization and development.
(Fusion of gamates)
- meaning of growth
b. Germination of seeds and condition
necessary for germination of seeds.
9. Co-ordination and control
- Nervous coordination:
i. the components, structure and functions
of the central nervous system;
ii. The components and functions of the
peripheral nervous systems;
iii. Mechanism of transmission of impulses;
iv. Reflex action
b. The sense organs
i. skin (tactile)
ii. nose (olfactory)
iii. tongue (taste)
iv. eye (sight)
v. ear (auditory)
c. Hormonal control
i. animal hormonal system
– adrenal gland
ii. Plant hormones (phytohormones)
i. Body temperature regulation
ii. Salt and water regulation
1. Factors affecting the distribution of Organisms
2. Symbiotic interactions of plants and animals
(a) Energy flow in the ecosystem: food chains, food webs and trophic levels
(b) Nutrient cycling in nature
i. carbon cycle
ii. water cycle
iii. Nitrogen cycle
3. Natural Habitats
(a) Aquatic (e.g. ponds, streams, lakes
seashores and mangrove swamps)
(b) Terrestrial/arboreal (e.g. tree-tops of oil palm, abandoned farmland or a dry grassy (savanna) field, and burrow or hole.
4. Local (Nigerian Biomes)
- Tropical rainforest
b. Guinea savanna (southern and northern)
c. Sudan Savanna
e. Highlands of montane forests and grasslands of the Obudu, Jos, Mambilla Plateau.
5. The Ecology of Populations:
(a) Population density and overcrowding.
(b) Adaptation for survival
i. Factors that bring about competition
ii. Intra and inter-specific competition
iii. Relationship between competition and succession.
(c) Factors affecting population sizes:
Biotic (e.g. food, pest, disease, predation, competition, reproductive ability).
ii. Abiotic (e.g. temperature, space, light, rainfall, topography, pressure, pH, etc.
(d) Ecological succession
i. primary succession
ii. secondary succession
- a) (i) characteristics of different types
of soil (sandy, loamy, clayey)
ii. porosity, capillarity and humus
iii. Components of the soil
iii. soil organisms
iv. Soil air
v. Soil water
i. loss of soil fertility
ii. Renewal and maintenance of soil fertility
7. Humans and Environment
(i) Common and endemic diseases.
ii. Easily transmissible diseases and disease syndrome such as:
– sexually transmitted disease/syndrome (gonorrhea, syphilis, AIDS, etc.
b. Pollution and its control
(i) sources, types, effects and methods of control.
(ii) Sanitation and sewage
(c) Conservation of Natural Resources
(d) Game reserves and National parks
|D: HEREDITY AND VARIATIONS|
(I) Variation In Population
- Morphological variations in the physical appearance of individuals.
(i) size (height, weight)
(ii) Colour (skin, eye, hair, coat of animals, scales and feathers.
b. Physiological variation
(i) Ability to roll tongue
(ii) Ability to taste
(iii) Blood groups
c. Application of discontinuous
variation in crime detection,
blood transfusion and
determination of paternity.
- a) Inheritance of characters in organisms;
i) Heritable and non-heritable characters.
b) Chromosomes – the basis of heredity;
(ii) Process of transmission of hereditary characters from parents to offspring.
c) Probability in genetics and sex determination.
a) Application of the principles of heredity in:
Sex – linked characters e.g. baldness, haemophilia, colour blindness, etc.
1. Theories of evolution
- a) Lamarck’s theory
b) Darwin’s theory
c) organic theory
2. Evidence of evolution
Ndu, F.O. C. Ndu, Abun A. and Aina J.O. (2001) Senior Secondary School Biology:
Books 1 -3, Lagos: Longman
Odunfa, S.A. (2001) Essential of Biology, Ibadan: Heinemann
Ogunniyi M.B. Adebisi A.A. and Okojie J.A. (2000) Biology for Senior Secondary Schools: Books 1 – 3, Macmillan
Ramalingam, S.T. (2005) Modern Biology, SS Science Series. New Edition, AFP
Stan. (2004) Biology for Senior Secondary Schools. Revised Edition, Ibadan: Heinemann
Stone R.H. and Cozens, A.B.C. (1982) Biology for West African Schools. Longman
Usua, E.J. (1997) Handbook of practical Biology 2nd Edition, University Press, Limited
BIOLOGY RECOMMENDED Text for 2019/2020
Ambuna, A. Egunyomi, A. and Osakwe, J. (1990). Comprehensive Certificate Biology for Senior Secondary Schools: University Press Limited
Egunyomi A. Bob – Manuel, Abdullahi B.A. and Oyetola O.A. (1988). Exam Focus: Biology For WASSCE and JME 2nd Edition, University Press Limited
MacQueen J. and Murray J. (1978). Success in Biology, Benin: John Murray
Ndu, F.O. C. Ndu, Abun A. and Aina J.O. (2001). Senior Secondary School Biology: Books 1 -3, Lagos: Longman
Odunfa, S.A. (2001). Essentials of Biology, Ibadan: Heinemann
Oguniyi, M.B. Adebisi A.A. and Okojie J.A. (2000). Biology for Senior Secondary Schools: Books – 3, Macmillan
Ramalingam, S.T. (2005). Modern Biology, SS Science Series. New Edition, AFP
Roberts, A.B.U. (1993). Functional Approach in Biology
Sorojini, T.L. Sheila, P and Charles, T.P. (2000). Modern Biology for Secondary Schools. Revised Edition, FEP
STAN. (2004). Biology for Senior Secondary Schools. Revised Edition, Ibadan: Heinemann
Stone, R.H. and Cozens, A.B.C. (1982). Biology for West African Schools. Longman
Usua, E.J. (1997). Handbook of practical Biology 2nd Edition, University Press, Limited
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